Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) was signed into law on November 1997. ASFA was enacted in an attempt to correct problems that critics claimed were inherent in the foster care system that deterred the adoption of children with special needs. The Act was designed to improve the safety of children, to promote adoption and other permanent homes for children who need them and to support families. The law requires Child Protective Services (CPS) to provide more timely and focused assessment and intervention services to the children and families that are served within the CPS system. The biggest change to the law was how ASFA amended Title IV-E of the Social Security Act regarding funding.