Aetas Infantiae Proxima is a Latin term. In Roman law, the term is used to refer to the first part of the period of childhood or puerita. The period between infancy (up to 7 years) and puberty (12 to 14 years). The term is commonly used to refer to males from the age of seven years to ten and a half. From the time of his/her birth to the end of this period a child could not be punished for any crime.