The American Convention on Human Rights is an international human rights instrument aimed at establishing a system of personal liberty and social justice based on respect for the essential rights of man. The convention emphasizes on respecting the recognized rights and freedoms guaranteed to all persons. It further provides that every individual must be given the full freedom to exercise their rights and freedoms without any discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, economic status, birth, or any other social condition. It generally lays down the standards on human rights that must be observed in all the states of America.
The American Convention on Human Rights was adopted in the year 1969 at the meeting of the states of America in San José, Costa Rica. It came into force in the year 1978. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights are the principal bodies that are responsible for the observance of the provisions laid down in the convention. The American Convention on Human Rights is also known as the Pact of San José.