Appellate rules are special rules that regulate the practice and procedure in appellate cases. The rules contain information about deadlines for filing different documents in the different stages of the appeal. These rules govern how an appeal may be commenced, what kind of notice is required, the types of briefs, pleadings or statements of case, motions, and orders allowed in appeals, the timing and manner of the appeal, the conduct of appellate hearings, the process for decisions, various available remedies, and how the courts and clerks must function. They also discuss the format of the documents. These rules are applied by the court to determine which higher courts should review lower court judgments. These are also called the rules of appellate procedure.