An Associate Justice or Associate Judge is the title given to a member of a judicial panel, who is not the Chief Justice Members of the United States Supreme Court and some state supreme courts are also referred to as Associate justices. The number of Associate Justices is determined by the United States Congress and is currently set at eight by the Judiciary Act of 1869. An associate justice is appointed by the President. The appointment made by the president must be confirmed by the Senate. An associate justice serves office for life or until s/he is removed from office by impeachment.