Chose in Action Law & Legal Definition


A chose in action refers to all personal rights to property which can only be claimed or enforced by an action and not by taking physical possession of the property. It is a right to recover something not in one's possession. It is a right of which a person does not have present enjoyment, but may recover it (if withheld) by action. This may be assigned by writing, if signed by the assignor, absolute in terms and notice in writing being given to the debtor. A "chose in possession" is a right of which the owner has the actual enjoyment.