Civil indemnity may refer broadly to any indemnity claim based on a civil, as opposed to criminal claim. In certain areas, such as the Philipines, it may refer to a form of restitution to a victim. While the criminal law seeks to punish, such as by imprisonment, the civil law seeks to compensate in the form of money damages. For example, in the Philipines, a rape victim may be ordered to receive a civil indemnity from the accused.
Indemnity means compensation in money or property for a loss suffered. It also means a contract to save another from the legal consequences of the conduct of one of the parties or of a third person. It is an agreement whereby one party agrees to secure another against an anticipated loss or damage.