Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) refers to an act of sexually abusing a child for economic gains. CSES constitutes a form of coercion and violence against children, and amounts to forced labor and a contemporary form of slavery. Accordingly, a child is sexually abused by an adult for remuneration in cash or kind to the child or a third person or persons. Here, the child is treated as a sexual and a commercial object. CSEC can take various forms like:
1. prostitution of children;
2. child pornography;
3. child sex tourism; and
4. other forms of transactional sex.
CSEC also potentially includes arranged marriages involving children under the age of 18 years, where the child has not freely consented to marriage and where the child is sexually abused.