The Competitive, Special, And Facilities Research Grant Act (“Act”) is a U.S. federal law enacted to make grants for research in food, agriculture, and related areas. The provisions of the Act are found under 7 USCS § 450i. This Act has been amended a number of times since its enactment in 1965.
This Act authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to make grants for research in food, agriculture, and related areas. The Act also establishes a program for competitive, special and facilities grants. Pursuant to the Act, the Secretary of Agriculture can make competitive grants for a period of up to five years for research to further the programs of the Department of Agriculture.
The grants may be awarded to : state agricultural experiment stations; colleges and universities; other research institutions and organizations; federal agencies; private organizations or corporations; individuals. The Secretary must allocate these grants to basic and applied research that focuses on both national and regional research needs in: plant systems; animal systems; nutrition, food quality and health; natural resources and the environment, including biological diversity; engineering, products and processes; markets, trade and policy.
The Secretary is also responsible for conducting a program to improve research capabilities in the agricultural, food, and environmental sciences.