Complicity in criminal law refers to when someone is legally accountable, or liable for a criminal offense, based upon the behavior of another. Criminal complicity may arise in the following situations:
With the intent to promote or assist the commission of the offense:
1. a person procures, induces or causes such other person to commit the offense; or
2. a person aids or abets such other person in committing the offense; or
3. having a legal duty to prevent the commission of the offense, a person fails to make an effort he is legally required to make.