Crimes against humanity constitute a well-defined international norm under international law. Crimes against humanity are crimes that are committed in armed conflict, whether international or internal in character, and directed against any civilian population. In Abagninin v. AMVAC Chem. Corp., 545 F.3d 733, 741 (9th Cir. Cal. 2008), it was held that the norm for crimes against humanity is specific, obligatory, and universal. The following are some crimes against humanity:
8. persecutions on political, racial and religious grounds;
9.other inhumane acts.