Electronic Communications Privacy Act (Act) is a federal statute that limits the circumstances under which the federal and state government may gain access to oral, wire, and electronic communications. It is codified at 18 USCS § 2510.
Title I of the Act protect wire, oral, and electronic communications while in transit. It sets down requirements for search warrants. Title II of the Act, is on stored communications. It protects communication held in electronic storage, especially messages stored on computers. Titles III prohibits the use of pen register and/or trap and trace devices for record dialing, routing, addressing, and signaling information used in the process of transmitting wire or electronic communications without a search warrant.