The Emergency Wetlands Resources Act (“Act”) is a federal legislation. It was enacted in 1986. The provisions related to the Act are found under 16 U.S.C. §§ 3901 through 3932. The Act aims to promote wetlands conservation for the public benefit. It also helps to fulfill international obligations in migratory bird treaties and conventions. The Act authorizes the purchase of wetlands from the Land and Water Conservation Fund monies. It also requires the Secretary of the Interior to establish a National Wetlands Priority Conservation Plan.