Removal is subject to different meanings in a legal context. It may refer to the moving of a legal case from one court to another. This usually occurs when a party makes a motion to change a case from a state court to federal court or vice versa on the grounds that jurisdiction in the other court is more appropriate for the case.
Removal may also refer to taking away the position of a public official for misconduct or failure of duty, such as dishonesty, incompetence, conviction of a crime or successful impeachment. Removal proceedings are also used in immigration law to force the departure of a noncitizen from the country, such as for conviction of a crime while in the country. Further, removal is used in child custody situations when there is an official determination that the present residence is not in the child's best interests.