A parking facility is generally defined as any building, structure, land, right-of-way, equipment or facility used or useful in connection with the construction, enlargement, development, maintenance or operation of any area or building for off-street parking of motor vehicles. Private facilities are subject to the rules of the facility owner. Many cities operate parking facilities by authority of the state legislature. State statutes, which vary by state, may empower certain cities or towns:
- To plan, establish, develop, acquire, construct, enlarge, improve, maintain, equip, operate, regulate and protect parking facilities;
- To finance the cost of parking facilities in whole or in part by the issuance of bonds, warrants, notes or other evidences of indebtedness;
- To pledge to the payment thereof its full faith and credit and any taxes, licenses or revenues which the city may then be authorized to pledge to the payment of bonded or other indebtedness;
- To lease or let parking facilities or any one or more of them to such tenant or tenants, for such period and such compensation or rental and on such conditions as the governing body may prescribe;
- To fix, establish, collect and alter parking fees, tolls, rents and other charges for the use of any parking facility;
- To make and enforce rules and regulations governing the use of any parking facility owned or controlled by the city; and
- To execute such contracts and other instruments and to take such other action as may be necessary or convenient in connection with parking facilities.