The term 'loudermill rights' refer to those employee rights which state that most public employees have a property right in their jobs. Pursuant to such rights, an employee cannot be dismissed without due process. It also give the employees a right to pre-termination hearing that gives them the opportunity to present their part.
The term 'loudermill rights' comes from the case Cleveland Bd. of Educ. v. Loudermill, 470 U.S. 532 (U.S. 1985), decided by the U.S. supreme court in 1985. The decision laid out that most public employees have property interest in their jobs, and are therefore allowed due process rights if they are fired. Loudermill rights include a written or oral notice regarding why they are being fired. Specific evidence to any charges against them must be given to them and a pre-termination hearing is also to be given where the employee can respond to the charges made against him or her.