Mass care means actions taken to protect migrants and other disaster victims from the effects of a disaster. It includes measures such as providing temporary shelter, food, medical care, clothing, family reunification, and other essential life support needs. Generally, the local government is responsible for providing mass care services for its citizens in the event of an emergency. The local government should also be prepared to receive and care for people evacuated from the area directly impacted by a disaster. Mass care is usually performed by nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), such as the American Red Cross, or by local government-sponsored volunteer efforts, such as Citizen Corps.