The Milk and Milk Products Act (“Act”) lays down provisions regulating the sanitary, sterilization, or pasteurization requirement affecting the production of raw milk for pasteurization. It also lays down laws relating to processing, distribution, or sale of any pasteurized milk or pasteurized milk product, frozen dessert, cheese, or product resembling milk products. This Act is governed in many states in the U.S.
The following is an example of the state statute (California) explaining the civil liability when the production of milk is in violation of drug residue provisions.
Cal Food & Agr Code § 32814 states that penalty or fine is prescribed by law for, denial, suspension, or revocation of any license, permit or registration. A dairy producer is found to have produced milk in violation of the drug residue provisions of this chapter shall be subject to a civil penalty for the first drug residue violation in a 12-month period that caused the condemnation of a bulk raw milk pickup tanker load, the dairy producer responsible for the condemnation shall be subject to a penalty of 250 dollars.