Model Sentencing and Corrections Act was drafted by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL) in 1978. The Model act provisions govern the organization of those agencies of state government charged with correctional activities and the process of sentencing criminal offenders. This act unifies the various elements of the correctional system into one department of corrections in order to coordinate the deployment of scarce correctional resources. It implements the legislative responsibility for determining basic correctional purposes and policies and seeks to reduce the unfairness and ineffectiveness resulting from sentencing disparity. Further, the act authorizes appellate review of sentences, abolishes parole, and provides for a wide variety of inmate programs giving offenders a greater voice in, and a greater incentive for, self-improvement. The act recognizes the interests of victims in the sentencing and correctional process. It also applies traditional mechanisms used to structure and limit governmental discretion to sentencing and corrections.
The act is divided into six articles, including general provisions which contain definitions and rule making procedures, a section regarding organization of the department of corrections, and an article which establishes fundamental policies and procedures for sentencing criminal defendants.