The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is an agency within the U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Prisons. NIC consists of 16 members Advisory Board and a director appointed by the Attorney General. The director heads the NIC.
NIC was created in 1974 as an aftermath of the major riot at New York's Attica prison. NIC helps in sorting out problems in correctional facilities, and shaping effective correctional practices and public policy. The institute provides training, technical assistance, information services, and policy/program development assistance to federal, state, and local corrections agencies. They also provide funds to support program initiatives. NIC plays an active role in influencing correctional policies, practices, and operations throughout the U.S.
The NIC also helps in :
1. Effective management of prisons, jails, community corrections programs, and facilities.
2. Enhancing organizational and professional performance in corrections.
3. Improving correctional practices through the exploration of trends and public policy issues.
4. Providing enhanced services through improved organizational and staff effectiveness.
5. Maximising community, staff, and offender safety.