The President’s Crime Commission was created by President Lyndon Johnson in 1965. The late 1960s were years of great social and political upheaval in the United States. After Lyndon Johnson won the 1964 election, he seized on the crime issue by creating the President's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice. (1965–1967) It was also known as the Katzenbach Commission.
The President’s Crime Commission was composed of 19 commissioners, 175 consultants, and hundreds of advisors. During the investigation, the commission called three national conferences, conducted five national surveys, held hundreds of meetings and interviewed thousands of people. A number of publications resulted from the efforts of the commission. Several Task force reports were made on specific subjects. Commission also issued dozens of studies on crime and criminal justice over the next two years. The Commission called for more education, better training of law enforcement officers, and increased research on crime. The commission's proposals served as a blueprint for the OCCSSA, the crime bill Johnson sent to Congress in 1967. The President's Crime Commission also made recommendations in corrections favoring the then leading ideas of rehabilitation and indeterminacy. There were also many criticisms about the work done by the Commission.