A public servant is generally a person who is employed by the government, either through appointment or election. Examples include, among others, police officers, paid and volunteer firefighters, health officers, the public works director and designees, city clerk and designees, code enforcement personnel, and other city personnel authorized to enforce city ordinances, statutes, and codes.
The following is one state's definition of a public servant:
Everyone who is a chief executive of, or a statutory officer or employee in, a Department in the Public Service is a public servant. Contractors in a Department who are not employees are not public servants. For the purposes of the Electoral Act, "public servant" is defined more broadly, notably including a person employed in the Education Service as defined in the State Sector Act.