Repatriation, in the employment context, refers to the process of bringing an expatriate back to the home country. Employees returning after a long period of service out of the country have a high rate of turnover. Therefore, companies may provide counseling to an espatriate that seeks assist in a timely readjustment of each family member and to the assignee's optimal on-the-job performance on behalf of the firm that invested substantial money to relocate and return him or her.
Repatriation in a broader sense means to return something to its place of origin. For example, the federal Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act provides for the repatriation upon the request of a known lineal descendant of the Native American or of the tribe or ogranization of Native American human remains or cultural items which are excavated or discovered on federal or tribal lands. Such Native American human remains and funerary objects will be returned where identification is made or the requesting Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian organization can show cultural affiliation by a preponderance of the evidence based upon geographical, kinship, biological, archaeological, anthropological, linguistic, folkloric, oral traditional, historical, or other relevant information or expert opinion.