In 2000, National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws promulgated the Uniform Interstate Enforcement of Domestic-Violence Protection Orders Act to address the interstate enforcement of protective orders arising from a domestic-violence and family-violence. Later, in 2002, in consultation and cooperation with the U.S. Department of Justice’s Violence against Women Office, the Act was substantively amended to cover orders arising under an issuing state’s anti-stalking laws. This act establishes uniform procedures that will help courts to recognize and enforce valid domestic protection orders issued in other jurisdictions. Uniformity will enable courts around the country to treat such cases consistently, thereby better serving the needs of victims of domestic violence.
The act provides for three types of enforcement which a foreign protection order may take in any enforcing state. They are: direct enforcement by a tribunal, direct enforcement by law enforcement officers, and registration of foreign protection orders as a prelude to enforcement. The Act also provides for registration of orders. It is a fairly simple procedure that requires a certified order and an affidavit from the protected individual that the order is current. The protected individual may receive a certified copy of the order which then may be presented for enforcement either in a tribunal or by a law enforcement officer. Another important provision of the act is an immunity provision that provides a liability shield for any agency, law enforcement officer, prosecuting attorney, clerk of court, or other official who enforces an order under the Act in good faith.
The act has been adopted by many states like Alabama, California, Delaware, District of Columbia, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas and Mississippi.