The Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (URLTA) is a federal law enacted in 1972 to govern residential landlord and tenant interactions. The Act is not designed for commercial, industrial or agricultural rental agreements. The Act accords the tenants previously unrecognized rights by recognizing the contractual nature of the landlord-tenant relationship. The Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant makes the communications and business between the landlord and the tenant fair to all parties involved. The URLTA does not favor any party.
The URLTA comprises of six articles. Each article discusses a separate issue in regards to the relationship between a landlord and tenant. The six articles are Article 1: General Provisions and Definitions; Article II: Landlord Obligations; Article III: Tenant Obligations; Article IV: Remedies; Article V: Retaliatory Conduct; and Article VI: Effective Date and Repealer.
The purposes of the URLTA are: (1) to simplify, clarify, modernize, and revise the law governing the rental of dwelling units and the rights and obligations of landlords and tenants; (2) to encourage landlords and tenants to maintain and improve the quality of housing; and (3) to make uniform the law among those states which adopt the Act.