Workforce Investment Act is a U.S. federal law enacted in 1998. It was enacted to replace the Job Training Partnership Act and certain other Federal laws relating to job training. The purpose of the act is to provide workforce investment activities, through statewide and local workforce investment systems. The aim behind it is, increase the employment, retention, and earnings of participants, and increase occupational skill attainment by participants.
The act authorizes the establishment of workforce investment activities for eligible youth, statewide employment and training activities, and a national job corps program. It is carried out in partnership with states and communities, to assist eligible youth. Workforce investment boards were established for carrying out these functions.