180-Day Rule Law and Legal Definition

The 180 day rule is a rule of criminal law, applicable in some jurisdictions, which allows a person charged with a felony to be released on personal recognizance if the person has been in jail for 180 days without being brought to trial,provided the delay is not caused by the defendant's own actions.

It can also refer to the rule requiring all pending charges against a prison inmate to be brought to trial in 180 days or to be dismissed with prejudice.