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Absolutism is a political system where the monarch or a dictator has unrestricted powers. There are no checks or balances on the dictator’s power. The believers of such dictators are called absolutists. The absolutist system believes that the ruling power is sovereign and is not subject to check by any other judicial, legislative, religious, economic, or electoral agencies. Absolutism is a doctrine or system of government under which the ruler has unlimited powers or a form of government in which all power is vested in a single ruler or other authority. In other words despotism. Absolutism is a political theory holding that all power should be vested in one ruler or other authority.
Absolutism has existed in different forms all over the world. The most familiar assertion of absolutism was made by King Louis XIV (1643–1715) of France when he said, “I am the state”.
Examples of absolutism are: Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin.