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Academic publishing is a system of publishing necessary for academic scholars to review work and make it available to a wider audience. Most of the academic works are published in a journal article, book, or in thesis form. Nowadays academic publishing is in electronic form. Many academic journals are interdisciplinary and publish work from several distinct fields or subfields. These publications are accepted as contributions of knowledge or research. They vary greatly between fields.
A major movement apparent in scholarly journals is open access through the internet. Two forms of open access are open access publishing and self-archiving. In open access publishing, a journal is freely available from the time of publication. In self-archiving, authors provide an available copy freely on the web.