Action Law and Legal Definition

An action is a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another seeking redress of a wrong or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong. It can be an ordinary proceeding in a court of justice, by which one party prosecutes another party for the enforcement or protection of a right, the redress or prevention of a wrong, or the punishment of a public offense. In other words it is defined to be any judicial proceeding, which, if conducted to a determination, will result in a judgment or decree. The action is said to terminate at judgment. Lawyers usually speak of proceedings in courts of law as actions, and of those in courts of equity as suits. This is also referred to as action at law.