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The Adamson Railway Labor Act of 1916 is a U.S. federal statute. The Act is the result of the government initiation to prevent railroad strike. This Act aims at preventing further strikes, by substituting mediation, bargaining, and arbitration for settling labor disputes. The Act establishes a Board of Mediation to settle the labor disputes in railways.
The Act further provides:
1. for eight hours work per day; and
2. for additional pay for overtime work.
The Act is applied to both public and private companies. This Act also imposed penalty for violation of its provisions.
The provisions of the Act are made applicable to the airline industry after the 1936 amendment.
This Act later became dormant in 1996 after it was repealed.