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An administrative agency is an official governmental body empowered with the authority to direct and supervise the implementation of particular legislative acts. Administrative agencies are created by the federal Constitution, the U.S. Congress, state legislatures, and local lawmaking bodies. Administrative agencies are created to manage crises, redress serious social problems, or to oversee complex matters of governmental concern beyond the expertise of legislators. Section 1, Article I of the Federal Constitution, states that all legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the U.S. However, Congress has power to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying out the powers in any department or officer. Administrative agency rules and regulations have the force of law against individuals. Administrative agencies are also referred as commissions, corporations, boards, departments, or divisions. In the machinery of government, an administrative agency is a permanent or semi permanent organization.
Central Intelligence Agency, Environmental Protection Agency, the national labor relations board, and the Securities and Exchange Commission are the examples of administrative agencies.