Admiralty Jurisdiction Law and Legal Definition

Admiralty law or maritime law is a distinct body of law governing maritime offenses, comprising of both domestic law governing maritime activities, and private international law. It deals with matters including marine commerce, marine navigation, shipping, sailors, and the transportation of passengers and goods by sea. Admiralty law also covers some land based commercial activities that are maritime in character. Admiralty jurisdiction is founded on the U.S. Constitution. Article 3, section 2. The current statutory grant of admiralty jurisdiction, 28 U.S.C. section 1333 is broad in nature and allows state courts concurrent jurisdiction through the “savings to suitors” clause when there are “other remedies to which they are otherwise entitled.” However, federal courts enjoy exclusive admiralty jurisdiction over certain remedies like the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act, the Limitation of Ship-owners Liability Act, the Suits in Admiralty Act, etc.