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Advanced life support (ALS) refers to the medical procedures for sustaining life including the advanced diagnosis and protocol-driven treatment of a patient in the field such as defibrillation, airway management, and administration of medications. Generally, ALS is performed by emergency medical technicians-paramedics and other qualified health professionals. ALS can be applied either on scene at an emergency, or in a hospital environment. ALS training is given to Medical practitioners like nurses and doctors as part of their training classes. The doctors and nurses must keep up with the latest procedures and research and must periodically recertify. Paramedics and first responders can also receive advanced life support training.
Following is an example of a state statute (New Jersey) defining the term ‘advanced life support:
Pursuant to N.J. Stat. § 26:2K-7 a, "Advanced life support" means an advanced level of pre-hospital, inter-hospital, and emergency service care which includes basic life support functions, cardiac monitoring, cardiac defibrillation, telemetered electrocardiography, administration of anti-arrhythmic agents, intravenous therapy, administration of specific medications, drugs and solutions, use of adjunctive ventilation devices, trauma care and other techniques and procedures authorized in writing by the commissioner.