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Agenda 21 refers to the United Nations (UN) programme which was convened to address issues relating to the environmental problems. It is also a document listing goals to be achieved globally. Agenda 21 is the first programme to address the problem of global warming. The number 21 refers to an agenda for the 21st century. Agenda 21 has been adopted by many nations to enhance their environmental laws. Agenda 21 was adopted by the U.S. in 1992.
Agenda 21 also explains that population, consumption and technology are the primary driving forces of environmental change. The main objectives of the Agenda 21 includes the following:
1.Formulating policies and developing programmes to achieve a sustainable balance between consumption, population and the earth’s life-supporting capacity;
2.Encouraging the countries to reduce wasteful and inefficient consumption patterns;
3.Describing some of technologies and techniques that need to be developed to provide for human needs;
4. Combating degradation of the land, air and water;
5. Conserving forests and the diversity of species of life.