Alternative Vote Law and Legal Definition

The Alternative vote refers to a voting system based upon single member constituencies, where winning candidates secure the support of over half the voters in a constituency. The system is used typically to elect one winner by ranked choice voting. The vote is exercised by recording preferences against the candidates on the ballot paper. In case no candidate receives more than half of the votes cast on the first count of first preference votes, the candidate who received the fewest first preference votes is eliminated and his/her second preferences are distributed between the other candidates. Until one candidate receive overall majority, the process continues.