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The Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978 (“Act”) is a U.S. federal law that addresses the issue of environmental conservation on the continent of Antarctica. This Act was enacted in 1978 and its provisions are found under 16 USCS §§ 2401 through 2413.
The Departments of the Treasury, Interior and Commerce are responsible for enforcing the provisions of the Act.
The provisions of the Act provides for the conservation and protection of the fauna and flora of Antarctica and the ecosystem upon which they depend. This Act was amended extensively by the Antarctic Science, Tourism, and Conservation Act of 1996, which was enacted to implement the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty.