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Antarctic Marine Living Resource Convention Act of 1984 is a U.S. federal legislation that provides the legislative authority necessary to implement the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (“Convention”) with respect to the U.S. The Act prohibits harvesting of Antarctic marine living resources in violation of the Convention.
The provisions of the Act are codified at 16 USCS §§ 2431 through 2444.
Pursuant to the Act, the Secretary of State is directed to appoint an officer or employee of the U.S. as the U.S. representative to the Scientific Committee for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources established pursuant to Article XIV of the Convention. The Secretary of Commerce and the Director of the National Science Foundation must designate the U.S. representative to the Scientific Committee. The Secretary of Commerce is responsible for promulgating regulations to implement the Act.
The Director of the National Science Foundation has the responsibility of supporting basic research of the Antarctic marine ecosystem. The Act directs the Secretary of Commerce to conduct directed scientific research, and report to Congress. Federal agencies are required to consult with other agencies and the Marine Mammal commission as appropriate.