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The Anti Car Theft Act of 1992 (“Act”) is a U.S. federal legislation that was enacted to deter trafficking in stolen vehicles. The Act instituted harsher penalties for several auto theft crimes, particularly carjacking. The Act aims to strengthen law enforcement against auto theft, combat automobile title fraud , and inspect stolen vehicles exports. Pursuant to the Act, carjackings and owning or operating a chop shop are federal crimes.
Title II of the Act required the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) to implement a National Motor Vehicle Title Information System (NMVTIS). And, specifies that the information within NMVTIS must be made available to federal, state and local law enforcement officials; insurance carriers; and other prospective purchasers, for example, individuals, auction companies, and used car dealers.