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An application in a broad sense refers to a formal request, as for consideration for assistance, employment, or admission to a school. There are different ways to complete a job application. Applicants for employment can apply online for positions at a large number of jobs sites or apply directly at company sites. Often, employment applications can be completed in person. When companies do not require a job application, a resume and cover letter may be sent as your employment application.
The federal Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits any pre-employment questions about a disability. Before an employer makes a job offer, they may ask questions about an applicant's ability to perform specific job functions. Employers may not, however, inquire about the nature or severity of a disability, ask about medical history or treatment, or require any medical exam. These rules apply to application forms, job interviews, and background or reference checks.