Article I Courts Law and Legal Definition

Article I courts are those courts created by the Congress pursuant to its power under Article I of the Constitution. They include the following:

1.Territorial courts: These are federal courts located in the district of Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands and the Northern Mariana Islands.

2.U.S.Court of Military Appeals

3.U.S.Court of Veterans Appeals

4.U.S.Court of Federal Claims

5.U.S. Tax Court.

Article I courts are also referred to as legislative courts.