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Asian elephants (elephas maximus) are herbivores mammals belonging to the family of elephants. The population of Asian elephants has declined significantly in recent decades. Asian elephants are currently listed as endangered by the Endangered Species Act and the IUCN/World Conservation Union. They are also found listed on Appendix I of CITES. With the advancement of agriculture, much of the species habitat is converted into farmlands. Loss of habitat, poaching, and other forms of conflict with humans are all major threats to Asia’s elephants. Therefore, there is a very high risk of this animal’s extinction in the wild.
Many nations and animal organizations have initiated steps for conservation of Asian Elephants. The U.S. congress enacted the Asian Elephant Conservation Act in 1997 to perpetuate healthy population of Asian elephants. WCS supports and promotes elephant conservation throughout Asia.
Earlier, Asian elephants were found throughout the continent. But it is now extinct in West Asia, Java, and most places of China. It survives in isolated pockets scattered across grasslands and tropical forests of India, continental southeast Asia, the Malay Peninsula, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Borneo, and the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal (off the coast of India)..