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Asylum means sanctuary or shelter. The term can be used in different contexts like political asylum, insane asylum etc. Political asylum refers to the concept where people who face persecution, torture, or even death in their home country are sometimes compelled to seek shelter and protection in another land. In modern international law, the granting of asylum to refugees from other lands is the right of a state by virtue of its territorial sovereignty. A fugitive, however, has no right to demand asylum from the state to which he flees. The state makes its own determination in each case. Insane asylum refers to an institution for the protection and relief of the unfortunate, especially the mentally ill.