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Auteur is the French for author and this theory holds that the director is the true creator, or author, of a film, bringing together script, actors, cinematographer, editor and molding everything into a work of cinematic art with a cohesive vision. In law the auteur is the creator of a film as a work of art, and is the original copyright holder. Under European Union law the film director shall always be considered the author or one of the authors of a film.
Auteur theory has had a major impact on film criticism ever since it was advocated by film director and film critic François Truffaut in 1954.