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Automated external defibrillators or AEDs are an important lifesaving technology. The AEDs play a critical role in treating workplace cardiac arrest. Most sudden cardiac deaths occur before the patient is taken to the hospital. Reports show that most work place fatalaties are as a result of cardiac arrest. And approximately 60% of these victims might have been saved if AEDs were immediately available.
An AED comes in the form of a portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses the potentially life threatening cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia in a patient,. Such device is also able to treat them through defibrillation, the application of electrical therapy which stops the arrhythmia, allowing the heart to reestablish an effective rhythm.
The following is an example of a federal statute defining the term:
According to 42 USCS § 238q(A) The term "automated external defibrillator device" means a defibrillator device that:
(i) is commercially distributed in accordance with the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act [21 USCS §§ 301 et seq.];
(ii) is capable of recognizing the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation, and is capable of determining without intervention by the user of the device whether defibrillation should be performed;
(iii) upon determining that defibrillation should be performed, is able to deliver an electrical shock to an individual; and
(iv) in the case of a defibrillator device that may be operated in either an automated or a manual mode, is set to operate in the automated mode.