Base Acreage Law and Legal Definition

Pursuant to the U.S. Agricultural Law, a farm’s base acreage is its crop-specific acreage of wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, upland cotton, soybeans, canola, flax, mustard, rapeseed, safflower, sunflowers, and rice eligible to enroll in the Direct and Counter-cyclical Program. Farm acreage base means a farm’s average planted acreage for a specific crop over the previous five years (for wheat or feed grains) or three years (for cotton or rice), plus land not planted because of certain acreage reduction or diversion programs.

Pursuant to 7 USCS § 7901, base acreage of a farm is the acres of farm land where a farmer grows the commodity of his/her choice related to the total acres of farm land. This should be during a continuous period of five years.