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The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal is an international treaty on hazardous and other wastes. It is the most comprehensive global environment agreement that was designed to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations. The treaty also aims to specifically prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries.
The treaty was opened for signature on 22 March 1989, and came into force on 5 May 1992. One hundred and seventy five nations are parties to the convention. Of these, Afghanistan, Haiti, and the U.S. have signed the Convention but not yet ratified it. The convention aims to protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects resulting from the generation, management, transboundary movements and disposal of hazardous and other wastes.
The treaty is commonly known as the Basel Convention.