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According to 15 CFR 990.30[Title 15. Commerce And Foreign Trade; Subtitle B. Regulations Relating To Commerce And Foreign Trade; Chapter IX. National Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration, Department Of Commerce; Subchapter E Oil Pollution Act Regulations, Part 990 Natural Resource Damage Assessments, Subpart C Definitions], ‘baseline’ means “the condition of the natural resources and services that would have existed had the incident not occurred. Baseline data may be estimated using historical data, reference data, control data, or data on incremental changes (e.g., number of dead animals), alone or in combination, as appropriate.”
The term incident referred to above means any occurrence or series of occurrences having the same origin, involving one or more vessels, facilities, or any combination thereof, resulting in the discharge or substantial threat of discharge of oil into or upon navigable waters or adjoining shorelines or the Exclusive Economic Zone.