Beneficium Inventarii Law and Legal Definition

Beneficium inventarii is a Latin phrase which literally means “benefit of the inventory.” It is a legal doctrine introduced into Roman law by Justinian I to limit the liability of heirs resulting from an insolvent estate.

Beneficium inventarii applies to both wills and intestate successions in many civil law systems. An heir may accept a succession under beneficium inventarii without being liable for the debts or to the claims of legatees beyond the value of estate ascertained by inventory.