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A bill of exception is a legal pleading filed to complain on appeal about a matter that would not otherwise appear in the record. It is a statement of objections to the decision, or instructions of a judge in the trial of a dispute. No particular form of words is required in a bill of exception. But the objection to the court's ruling or action, and the ruling complained of, must be stated with sufficient specificity to make the trial court aware of the complaint.
The bill of exceptions becomes part of the record, and may be introduced as evidence evidence as to the facts therein stated. If the parties agree on the contents of the bill of exception, the judge must sign the bill and file it with the trial court clerk.